Wednesday, July 24, 2024

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CB to settle liquidity crisis with swaps and ACU payment postponement

The Central Bank is still looking at the crisis as a liquidity short term one and it is getting a swap here and there, postponing the ACU payments etc as opposed to liquidity plus a solvency issue that also requires analysis of the sustainability of the foreign debt and a restructure.

This was disclosed by SJB MP Dr. Harsha de Silva following meeting with Central Bank Governor Ajith Nivard Cabraal.

Central Bank Governor Ajith Nivard Cabraal had talks today with a group of Samagi Jana Balawegaya (SJB) MPs and discussed the state of the economy.

Cabraal said that he had a cordial and interesting meeting with MPs Dr. Harsha de Silva, Kabir Hashim and Eran Wickramaratne.

Dr. Harsha de Silva said that they discussed the ability to pay for imports and foreign debt in exchange rates, soaring inflation and financial system stability.

He also said that the Government does not seem to be considering an IMF supported debt restructuring program.

Meanwhile Central Bank has received a two-month deferral for $900 million in payments due this week to the Asian Clearing Union, multiple sources said, helping ease pressure on its meager reserves amid its worst financial crisis in years, reuter news agency reported.

One payment of $509 million was deferred by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in mid-January, the Indian High Commission in Colombo said, as part of a $900 million package of financial assistance that included a $400 million swap.

The RBI extended that deferral by another two months following a request by Sri Lanka’s central bank.

A second payment of about $400 million to $450 million for imports purchased during the last two months was also due but a two-month deferral was given by the ACU Secretariat based in Teheran, three sources at the central bank confirmed to Reuters.

The ACU is made up of nine countries including India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar. The monetary authorities use the ACU as an intermediary to make foreign exchange payments for imports between member countries, usually every three months.

“The deferral gives temporary breathing space for Sri Lanka,” former central bank deputy governor W.A. Wijewardena told Reuters.

“Eventually, when the payments come due, if we don’t have foreign exchange with us at that time we will be in trouble.”

Sri Lanka’s reserves dipped to $2.36 billion at the end of January but the country has to repay about $4 billion in debt repayments this year including a $1 billion international sovereign bond maturing in July.

As the dollar shortage has worsened, the island has been struggling to pay for essential imports including food, medicine, cooking gas and fuel.

On Monday the central bank also relaxed and unofficial peg allowing the exchange rate to move down from 200-203 rupees and set the upper limit at 230 rupees to attract remittances to top up reserves.

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