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Banks face side affects of loan moratoriums amidst artificial growth

In what is seen as the latest move to extend relief to the pandemic-affected borrowers, the Central Bank is likely to direct the banks to extend the pause on the recovery actions on loans and leases further period after the expiry of current moratorium on March 31.

The Central Bank will be requesting the banks “to suspend all types of recovery actions, including parate execution and forced repossessions of leased assets, Finance Ministry sources said.

The broader businesses and individuals are under payment holiday now for around two years while the tourism sector has been under the relief scheme from as way back as in April 2019.

In the road map, the Central Bank said it would replace the moratoria with a liquidity support scheme worth of Rs.15 billion to facilitate financing of the interest accrued in loans that have been under moratoria to enable financial institutions to deal with the effect of the moratoria in a sustainable manner.

As per the Central Bank estimates the ongoing debt moratoria by banks and non-bank financial institutions amounts to Rs.780 billion. This is in addition to Rs.165.5 billion by way of concessionary working capital under the COVID-19 Saubagya Refinance Scheme.

However Sri Lankan banks face added asset-quality pressure from their government securities holdings, particularly those denominated in foreign currency which accounted for around 6.5 percent of banks’ total 2021.

As it is the declared balance sheets of all licensed commercial banks in Sri lanka has shown a tremendous growth in profits compared to previous years , but it is not the actual correct position.

This moratorium facilitated a breather for the borrower to operate and sustain the business but, unfortunately due to external factors beyond the control of the businesses and individuals normalcy never returned and the environment for conducive situation has become a day dream due to the actions monetary and fiscal authorities.

This situation of moratorium was due to all commercial banks booked all interest following the facilities extended as income received even though in actual it was not received, fiscal analysts said.

This was done as per CBSL guidelines for financial reporting and accepted financial practices. As result banks have been able to declare a high percentage of profits even though the country’s economy was on a downward spiral.

The effects of this moratorium and the repercussions of accounting interest due as profits will be felt only after the lifting of this moratorium. To understand this one will have to understand the procedure of accounting and how facilities are categorized.

Under normal circumstances if any credit facility has not been serviced (interest/capital not paid) for three (03) months its categorized as non performing and the interest due on such facility is accrued and not taken into income earned (profit).

After three (03) months from thereon the facility becomes overdue and is categorized as bad debts and another three (03) months from thereon this facility is transferred to recoveries for legal action and for parate execution against the mortgage.

So in other words the banks have booked and declared high profits even though the actual is far from it they said adding that after the moratorium is lifted and three mnths from there when these facilities have still not been serviced the banks will be compelled to reverse these already booked in profits.

This will reflect in the balance sheets of the banks as a negative figure and in turn will drive the profits down drastically. This scenario is also going to have a knock on effect which will effect the stock market and drive down further the country’s economy, they pointedout.

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